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#1 2017-09-13 07:57:04

leonidas
Member
From: Greece
Registered: 2012-08-31
Posts: 49
Website

[solved] Failed to start Create Volatile Files and Directories

I used a live cd and chroot to fix my broken pacman.
Somewhere I made a mistake and after a reboot I got the error Failed to start Create Volatile Files and Directories
The system boots but the user is not exist (only root user exists).
Also my /etc/fstab is empty
Can I fix it or it's better to reformat my laptop?

Last edited by leonidas (2017-09-14 05:05:15)

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#2 2017-09-13 08:22:21

i_love_r34
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From: Mexico
Registered: 2016-02-14
Posts: 71

Re: [solved] Failed to start Create Volatile Files and Directories

Maybe this can help you: Arch Linux Forums

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#3 2017-09-13 08:51:19

loqs
Member
Registered: 2014-03-06
Posts: 2,932

Re: [solved] Failed to start Create Volatile Files and Directories

What was broken with pacman that needed fixing?  What commands did you run to try to fix the issue?
What is the output of the following commands

# journalctl -b 0 -u systemd-tmpfiles-setup.service
$ cat /etc/passwd

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#4 2017-09-13 09:40:29

leonidas
Member
From: Greece
Registered: 2012-08-31
Posts: 49
Website

Re: [solved] Failed to start Create Volatile Files and Directories

The problem when I was calling pacman was:

 error while loading shared libraries: libicuuc.so.57: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory

# journalctl -b 0 -u systemd-tmpfiles-setup.service

 
-- Logs begin at Wed 2017-09-13 12:23:18 EEST, end at Wed 2017-09-13 12:31:29 EEST. --
Sep 13 12:23:18 archlinux systemd[1]: Starting Create Volatile Files and Directories...
Sep 13 12:23:19 archlinux systemd-tmpfiles[224]: [/usr/lib/tmpfiles.d/colord.conf:1] Unknown user 'colord'.
Sep 13 12:23:19 archlinux systemd-tmpfiles[224]: [/usr/lib/tmpfiles.d/colord.conf:2] Unknown user 'colord'.
Sep 13 12:23:19 archlinux systemd-tmpfiles[224]: [/usr/lib/tmpfiles.d/xmms2.conf:1] Unknown user 'xmms2'.
Sep 13 12:23:19 archlinux systemd-tmpfiles[224]: [/usr/lib/tmpfiles.d/xmms2.conf:2] Unknown user 'xmms2'.
Sep 13 12:23:19 archlinux systemd[1]: systemd-tmpfiles-setup.service: Main process exited, code=exited, status=1/FAILURE
Sep 13 12:23:19 archlinux systemd[1]: Failed to start Create Volatile Files and Directories.
Sep 13 12:23:19 archlinux systemd[1]: systemd-tmpfiles-setup.service: Unit entered failed state.
Sep 13 12:23:19 archlinux systemd[1]: systemd-tmpfiles-setup.service: Failed with result 'exit-code'.

cat /etc/passwd

root:x:0:0:root:/root:/bin/bash
bin:x:1:1:bin:/bin:/usr/bin/nologin
daemon:x:2:2:daemon:/:/usr/bin/nologin
mail:x:8:12:mail:/var/spool/mail:/usr/bin/nologin
ftp:x:14:11:ftp:/srv/ftp:/usr/bin/nologin
http:x:33:33:http:/srv/http:/usr/bin/nologin
nobody:x:99:99:nobody:/:/usr/bin/nologin
systemd-journal-gateway:x:191:191:systemd-journal-gateway:/:/usr/bin/nologin
systemd-timesync:x:192:192:systemd-timesync:/:/usr/bin/nologin
systemd-network:x:193:193:systemd-network:/:/usr/bin/nologin
systemd-bus-proxy:x:194:194:systemd-bus-proxy:/:/usr/bin/nologin
systemd-resolve:x:195:195:systemd-resolve:/:/usr/bin/nologin
privoxy:x:42:42:Privoxy:/:/sbin/nologin
systemd-journal-remote:x:998:998:systemd Journal Remote:/:/sbin/nologin
systemd-coredump:x:994:994:systemd Core Dumper:/:/sbin/nologin
systemd-journal-upload:x:995:995:systemd Journal Upload:/:/sbin/nologin
dbus:x:81:81::/:/sbin/nologin
mysql:x:89:89:MariaDB:/var/lib/mysql:/sbin/nologin
ceph:x:997:997::/run/ceph:/sbin/nologin
uuidd:x:68:68::/:/sbin/nologin
tomcat7:x:71:71:Tomcat 7 user:/usr/share/tomcat7:/sbin/nologin
sddm:x:996:996:Simple Desktop Display Manager:/var/lib/sddm:/sbin/nologin

There is no leonidas user...

With chroot I tried to update my system with

pacman -r /mnt -Syu

and icu with pacman -r /mnt -S icu (which also updated some other dependencies). Also ask me to overwrite the files and reply with yes
That's all I can remember...

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#5 2017-09-13 09:55:39

loqs
Member
Registered: 2014-03-06
Posts: 2,932

Re: [solved] Failed to start Create Volatile Files and Directories

It appaears /etc/passwd was somehow deleted systemd-sysusers recreated it but colord and xmms2 do not use sysusers.d so those uses were not created so systemd-tmpfiles-setup.service fails.
systemd-sysusers also does not create none system users.  pacman.log might help explain how /etc/passwd came to be overwritten.  Reinstalling colord and xmms2 should recreate those system users.
None system users will need to be recreated manually.

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#6 2017-09-13 10:08:37

leonidas
Member
From: Greece
Registered: 2012-08-31
Posts: 49
Website

Re: [solved] Failed to start Create Volatile Files and Directories

I install  colord and xmms2  and the error (Failed to start Create Volatile Files and Directories) disappeared. But /etc/fstab is still empty. Should I recreate from it and how?

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#7 2017-09-13 14:19:03

loqs
Member
Registered: 2014-03-06
Posts: 2,932

Re: [solved] Failed to start Create Volatile Files and Directories

leonidas wrote:

But /etc/fstab is still empty. Should I recreate from it and how?

The same way you created it when installing the system.

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#8 2017-09-14 05:04:23

leonidas
Member
From: Greece
Registered: 2012-08-31
Posts: 49
Website

Re: [solved] Failed to start Create Volatile Files and Directories

I finally managed to restore my system.
I recreated /etc/fstab and I added again the user.
pacman works again.

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