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#1 2006-10-16 22:42:53

From: Ensenada Mexico
Registered: 2005-08-12
Posts: 51

Howto set encrypted swap on Arch 7.2


This is how I set up an encrypted swap partition at boot on archlinux-7.2

First you need to install dm-crypt

#pacman -Sy cryptsetup

Check which is your swap partition

#grep -e dev.*swap /etc/fstab
/dev/hda3 none swap sw 0 0

Find from which file swap is set on

#grep swapon *
rc.sysinit:status "Activating Swap" /sbin/swapon -a

Edit the file /etc/rc.sysinit

#nano /etc/rc.sysinit

Create a new line before the line that contains the swapon -a. Insert the following commands:

  cryptsetup -c blowfish -s 64 -d /dev/urandom create swap0 /dev/hda2
  mkswap /dev/mapper/swap0
  swapon /dev/mapper/swap0

In this example we used the blowfish algorithm(-c) with a 64 bit key (-s) and we use /dev/urandom as our key file (-d).
  Note! If you decide to take the default algorithm (AES), you need to supply "-s 256" instead of "-s 64", because AES has a different-sized key.

Also make sure the dm_mod module is automatically loaded at boot so dmsetup is able to map the device.

# nano /etc/rc.conf

# Modules to load at boot-up (in this order)
#   - prefix a module with a ! to blacklist it
MODULES=(aes blowfish dm_crypt)

Also change the swap entry in /etc/fstab to point to /dev/mapper/swap0 so a call to swapon -a won't try to mount the unencrypted swap partition. (Note: this is not very important, swapon will report an error about the device being busy).

#nano /etc/fstab

#/dev/hda3 swap swap defaults 0 0 (I just commented the old entry and added...)
/dev/mapper/swap0 swap swap default 0 0
/dev/hda5 / reiserfs defaults 0 0

Checking that it works
After the next reboot

  # cat /proc/swaps
  Filename Type Size Used Priority
  /dev/mapper/swap0 partition 506036 0 -1

These instructions worked fine for me.
I also have previously added the encrypt HOOK activated in the /boot/mkinipcio-kernel26.conf file.

Based on the how to at the following URL: … ryptedSwap




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