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#1 2006-01-21 01:21:00

viniosity
Member
From: New York, NY
Registered: 2005-01-22
Posts: 378
Website

Any ruby/rails experts?

Anyone want to help out a total programming noob trying to learn RoR?  I'm trying to move a variable from my index.rhtml to my model.  Normally that's done by the controller but I'm having problems moving the data.

I have a line in my [view] index.rhtml that shows:

<td width="40" align="center"><%= text_field 'product', 'qty_added', 
{:size=>3}

I'm not sure how to modify my submit action to capture that 'qty_added' though.  Right now I'm just using this:

 <%= link_to 'Add to Cart',
                    {:action => 'add_to_cart', :id => product },
                    :class => 'addtocart' %><br/>

Which i know is incomplete.  But like I said, I'm a total noob.  Can anyone help?

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#2 2006-01-21 03:05:20

cactus
Taco Eater
From: t͈̫̹ͨa͖͕͎̱͈ͨ͆ć̥̖̝o̫̫̼s͈̭̱̞͍̃!̰
Registered: 2004-05-25
Posts: 4,615
Website

Re: Any ruby/rails experts?

like you said. the controller "moves" data from the view to the model, and vice versa (more or less. occasionally there are times where direct pulls from the model within the view are workable, but not the other way around)


"Be conservative in what you send; be liberal in what you accept." -- Postel's Law
"tacos" -- Cactus' Law
"t̥͍͎̪̪͗a̴̻̩͈͚ͨc̠o̩̙͈ͫͅs͙͎̙͊ ͔͇̫̜t͎̳̀a̜̞̗ͩc̗͍͚o̲̯̿s̖̣̤̙͌ ̖̜̈ț̰̫͓ạ̪͖̳c̲͎͕̰̯̃̈o͉ͅs̪ͪ ̜̻̖̜͕" -- -̖͚̫̙̓-̺̠͇ͤ̃ ̜̪̜ͯZ͔̗̭̞ͪA̝͈̙͖̩L͉̠̺͓G̙̞̦͖O̳̗͍

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#3 2006-01-21 13:49:32

pikass
Member
From: Schwartz space
Registered: 2005-11-28
Posts: 85

Re: Any ruby/rails experts?

I think what you are looking for is a form. (form_tag,  form_remote_tag) It generates a post request for a specific controller and then it is up to the controller to decide what to do with the data (calling the model for ex.).

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#4 2006-01-21 14:50:44

viniosity
Member
From: New York, NY
Registered: 2005-01-22
Posts: 378
Website

Re: Any ruby/rails experts?

I think you're right -- a form would post while what I've written is a get.  I gutted my index.rhtml to call the form and then in my _form.rhtml I put the following code because I want it to display the product title from the database.

3: <%= text_field 'product', 'title'  %></p>
4: 
5:   <td class="producttitle">
6:     <div class="titlename"><%= h(product.title) %></div>
7:   </td>

When I do that though I get an error:

undefined local variable or method `product' for #<#<Class:0x4097f2c0>:0x4097f20c>


How does one access database variables from within a form? 

This is super frustrating.. all I'm trying to do is take a user-inputted variable from index.rhtml and move it to my model and it's taking me weeks.

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#5 2006-01-21 15:23:00

jochen
Member
From: Germany
Registered: 2004-06-01
Posts: 102

Re: Any ruby/rails experts?

viniosity wrote:

I think you're right -- a form would post while what I've written is a get.  I gutted my index.rhtml to call the form and then in my _form.rhtml I put the following code because I want it to display the product title from the database.

3: <%= text_field 'product', 'title'  %></p>
4: 
5:   <td class="producttitle">
6:     <div class="titlename"><%= h(product.title) %></div>
7:   </td>

When I do that though I get an error:

undefined local variable or method `product' for #<#<Class:0x4097f2c0>:0x4097f20c>


How does one access database variables from within a form? 

This is super frustrating.. all I'm trying to do is take a user-inputted variable from index.rhtml and move it to my model and it's taking me weeks.

Hi,

it would be easier to help you if you posted some more complete code examples.

Since I can't see your controllers code I can just assume that you should write @product instead of product.

If you provide more details, we can surely make it work.

Otherwise there are some instructive tutorials on rubyonrails.org.

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#6 2006-01-21 15:54:29

viniosity
Member
From: New York, NY
Registered: 2005-01-22
Posts: 378
Website

Re: Any ruby/rails experts?

Probably the easiest way is for me to post code that works.. This is the code that works to add products to the shopping cart but does not take into account quantity.  I would also like to pass quantity to the shopping cart so that in addition to knowing which product the user wants, I also can determine how many they would like.

Here is the View:

<table>
  <div class="catalogentry">
        <tr>
        <td colspan="1" rowspan="2">
        <img src="<%= product.image_url %>"/></td>
        <td width="80"><b><%=h(product.title) %></b></td>
        <td width="160"><%= product.description %></td>
        <td width="60" align="center"><%= product.qty_available %></td>
        <td width="80" align="center"><%= number_to_currency(product.price) %></td>        <td width="40" align="center"><%= text_field 'line_item', 'quantity', {:size=>3}
 %> </td>
        </tr>
        <td></td>
        <td></td>
        <td valign="top" align="center">in-stock</td>
        <td valign="top" align="center">each</td>
        <td>     <%= link_to 'Add to Cart',
                        {:action => 'add_to_cart',  :id => product },
                        :class  => 'addtocart' %><br/>
       </td>
  </div>
</table>

Here is the add to cart portion of the controller:

class StoreController < ApplicationController

  def index
    @products = Product.salable_items
  end

def add_to_cart
  product = Product.find(params[:id])
  @cart = find_cart
  @cart.add_product(product)
  redirect_to(:action => 'display_cart')
#rescue
#  logger.error("Attempt to access invalid product #{params[:id]}")
#  redirect_to_index('Invalid Product')
end

Finally, here is the model (cart)

class Cart

  attr_reader :items
  attr_reader :total_price

def initialize
  empty!
end

def add_product(product)
  item = @items.find {|i| i.product_id == product.id}
  if item
    item.quantity += 1
  else
    item = LineItem.for_product(product)
    @items << item
  end
  @total_price += product.price
end


def empty!
  @items = []
  @total_price = 0.0
end

end

and model for line_item

class LineItem < ActiveRecord::Base

  belongs_to :product
  belongs_to :order
   def self.for_product(product)
    item = self.new
    item.product = product
    item.quantity = 1
    item.unit_price = product.price
    item
   end
end

It's currently setting the quantity to 1 and incrementing by 1 each time the same product is added to the cart.  Let me know if you want to see more of the code.  I don't mind posting it all as a zip if you like. 

One more piece of info is my database schema which looks like this:

Table: line_items
id
product_id
order_id
quantity
unit_price

Table: orders
id
name
email
address
pay_type
shipped_at

Table: products
id
title
description
image_url
price
qty_available
date_available
date_expires

Table: users
id
name
hashed_password


Thanks everyone..

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#7 2006-01-21 17:43:37

jochen
Member
From: Germany
Registered: 2004-06-01
Posts: 102

Re: Any ruby/rails experts?

As pikass wrote before, you need to use a form.

Just a short example how that could be done in the view:

<%= form_tag :action =>'add_to_cart', :controller => 'store' %>
    <%= text_field 'line_item', 'quantity', {:size=>3 } %>
    <%= hidden_field 'line_item','product_id', :value=>product.id %>
    <%= submit_tag %>
<%= end_form_tag %>

Hope that helps.

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#8 2006-02-09 20:08:48

viniosity
Member
From: New York, NY
Registered: 2005-01-22
Posts: 378
Website

Re: Any ruby/rails experts?

I replaced the index.rhtml in my view with the example you posted above and got this output:

undefined local variable or method `product' for #<#<Class:0x40761d58>:0x40761ca4>

I'm too new to all this programming stuff to really break that down. (I'm also close to brain fried at this stage.)  Still, my controller and view are posted above in case you are feeling generous and want to help me further. smile

Thanks..

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#9 2006-02-10 03:40:48

elasticdog
Member
From: Washington, USA
Registered: 2005-05-02
Posts: 995
Website

Re: Any ruby/rails experts?

I believe that when you submit a form, all of the values are stored an array called <code>params[]</code>, so you'd want to access your quantity symbol in the function that you're passing control to...in this case <code>add_to_cart</code> in the <code>StoreController</code>.

You'll have to re-write the <code>add_product</code> method as well to accept a quantity along with the product; and it should have a default value of one in case they don't specify a number.

I'm not at my home machine right now, and can't test it out, but the basic idea will be that your <code>add_to_cart</code> function will look something like this:

def add_to_cart
  product = Product.find(params[:id])
  @cart = find_cart
  @cart.add_product(product, params[:quantity])
  redirect_to(:action => 'display_cart')
rescue
  logger.error("Attempt to access invalid product #{params[:id]}")
  redirect_to_index('Invalid Product')
end

and the <code>add_product</code> function in your Cart model will be:

def add_product(product, quantity=1)
  item = @items.find {|i| i.product_id == product.id}
  if item
    item.quantity += quantity
  else
    item = LineItem.for_product(product)
    @items << item
  end
  @total_price += (product.price * quantity)
end

Hopefully that's correct, but either way it should give you a good idea of what to tweak...

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#10 2006-02-12 02:21:10

viniosity
Member
From: New York, NY
Registered: 2005-01-22
Posts: 378
Website

Re: Any ruby/rails experts?

I think it's getting close.  I'm getting an error about moving nil to a fixed number which tells me that the error is probably with the view not passing along the quantity (hence the nil?)  ((removing the quantity=1 in the model changed the error to moving nil to a float if I recall))

The exact error is:

nil can't be coerced into Fixnum

Application trace is

/usr/lib/ruby/gems/1.8/gems/activesupport-1.2.5/lib/active_support/whiny_nil.rb:35:in `+'
#{RAILS_ROOT}/app/models/cart.rb:13:in `add_product'
./script/../config/../app/controllers/store_controller.rb:10:in `add_to_cart'


Here is my view code based on jochen's example:

<h3>Currently Available</h3>
<% for product in @products %>
<table>
  <div class="catalogentry">
          <%= form_tag :action =>'add_to_cart', :controller => 'store' %>

            <%= text_field 'line_item', 'quantity', {:size=>3 } %>
            <%= text_field 'line_item','product_id', :value=>product.id %>
            <%= link_to 'Add to Cart',
            {:action => 'add_to_cart', :id => product },
            :class => 'addtocart'  %>
          <%= end_form_tag %>

  </div>
</table>
  <div class="separator"> </div>
<% end %>
<%= link_to "Show my cart", :action => "display_cart" %>

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