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#1 2023-07-02 12:01:09

duyinthee
Member
Registered: 2015-06-14
Posts: 222
Website

How can I check $XDG_SESSION_TYPE in bash running background

Eg. I have the following script running background executed in terminal after starting my window manager.

#!/bin/bash

while true; do
    if [[ "$XDG_SESSION_TYPE" = "tty" ]]; then
        echo "running in TTY" > /tmp/testchecktty
    else
        echo "NOT running in tty" > /tmp/testchecktty
    fi
    sleep 3
done

So, I can check the testing result by $ cat /tmp/testchecktty.

Then, if I exit the window manager and am being on TTY, the script is still running but checking $XDG_SESSION_TYPE doesn't know tty. The script will still know it is not in TTY.

How should I do it? If the question is silly, sorry!
Thanks in advance.

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#2 2023-07-02 12:29:57

Trilby
Inspector Parrot
Registered: 2011-11-29
Posts: 29,626
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Re: How can I check $XDG_SESSION_TYPE in bash running background

Ah, no - you need to take several steps back as that script doesn't make any sense at all.  First the loop makes no sense, the environment variable is what it is, regardless of how many times you check it.  It cannot / will not change within a process unless something within that process changes it.  It's an environment variable, not a global variable.

Second, that problem also demonstrates the bigger problem with the script logic: it will not magically "move" to a tty.  It was launched from a pty, and it will forever run in that pty.  That's it.

So whatever you intend to do with this, your approach is wrong.  So please tell us about what you really want to do as this is a perfect example of an X-Y problem.


"UNIX is simple and coherent..." - Dennis Ritchie, "GNU's Not UNIX" -  Richard Stallman

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#3 2023-07-02 13:06:26

duyinthee
Member
Registered: 2015-06-14
Posts: 222
Website

Re: How can I check $XDG_SESSION_TYPE in bash running background

thanks, I think I understand.

It's an environment variable, not a global variable.

Second, that problem also demonstrates the bigger problem with the script logic: it will not magically "move" to a tty.  It was launched from a pty, and it will forever run in that pty.  That's it.

What I am really trying is my battery monitoring script. I am using sway starting from tty. I start my a script for checking battery level.
Later, I notice that sometime I used to do my stuffs on TTY leaving sway. At that time, the script will be running and I become worried if a command like notify-send is executed from the script that would produce error in TTY.

So, adjust my script as the following.

#!/bin/dash

echo "1" > /tmp/mshbattnotionoff

BNF=/tmp/mshbattnotionoff

while true; do

    BATCAP=$(cat /sys/class/power_supply/BAT0/capacity)
    BATSTATUS=$(cat /sys/class/power_supply/BAT0/status)

    if [ $XDG_SESSION_TYPE = "tty" ]; then
        [ $((BATCAP)) -lt 25 ] && systemctl poweroff
        sleep 10
        continue
    fi

    [ ! -f "$BNF" ] && echo "1" > "$BNF"
    CBN=$(cat "$BNF")

    if [ "$BATSTATUS" = "Discharging" ]; then
        [ $((BATCAP)) -lt 20 ] && systemctl poweroff
        [ $((BATCAP)) -lt 25 ] && notify-send -u critical -t 12000 "BATTERY POWER" \
            "Battery power is critically low.\n$(acpi)\nCharge it NOW."
        [ $((CBN)) -eq 1 ] && [ $((batcap)) -lt 40 ] && notify-send -u critical -t 12000 "BATTERY POWER" \
            "Battery power is lower than 40%.\n$(acpi)\nPlease charge the battery before shutdown soon."
        [ $((BATCAP)) -gt 50 ] && sleep 90
    else
        [ $((CBN)) -eq 1 ] && [ $((batcap)) -gt 80 ] && notify-send -t 7000 "BATTERY CHARGING" \
            "Battery power is now over 80%.\n$(acpi)\nIt is recommended to stop charging for battery health."
        sleep 30
    fi
    sleep 30

done &

The script is working well as I expect without the following.

if [ $XDG_SESSION_TYPE = "tty" ]; then
        [ $((BATCAP)) -lt 25 ] && systemctl poweroff
        sleep 10
        continue
    fi

Last edited by duyinthee (2023-07-02 13:16:41)

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#4 2023-07-02 13:22:14

Trilby
Inspector Parrot
Registered: 2011-11-29
Posts: 29,626
Website

Re: How can I check $XDG_SESSION_TYPE in bash running background

Thanks for the context / background.

duyinthee wrote:

I notice that sometime I used to do my stuffs on TTY leaving sway. At that time, the script will be running and I become worried if a command like notify-send is executed from the script that would produce error in TTY.

This is a faulty approach.  First, when you "leave sway" do you actually close / exit sway, or do you just switch to another tty?

Next, the notify-send command cannot produce an error "in TTY" as it is not running in the tty ... ever.  If you run that script in a way that it keeps running after sway exits, then notify-send will generate an error - but only into it's own detatched pty.

Forget about having a unified script that does everything.  Just have a script that runs in sway (and terminates when sway exits) that provides handles the notify-send commands.  Then if you *also* want to poweroff when the battery is below 25% (is that really your goal??  That's hardly a "critical" level) then do that as a seperate process.

Last edited by Trilby (2023-07-02 13:23:47)


"UNIX is simple and coherent..." - Dennis Ritchie, "GNU's Not UNIX" -  Richard Stallman

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#5 2023-07-02 14:00:27

duyinthee
Member
Registered: 2015-06-14
Posts: 222
Website

Re: How can I check $XDG_SESSION_TYPE in bash running background

well explanation.

to poweroff when the battery is below 25% (is that really your goal??  That's hardly a "critical" level) then do that as a seperate process.

Yes, I should rethink it, thanks.

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