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#26 2011-08-01 19:01:44

graysky
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From: /run/user/1000
Registered: 2008-12-01
Posts: 8,440
Website

Re: iozone to evaluate I/O schedulers... results NOT what you'd expect!

@all - running this test just once does not give an accurate picture... I will post some data when I have time.  Reproducibility is a key factor.  In other words, when you run each test 3 times (that's 36 times for each scheduler if using 1-3 threads), and you average the result and plot the error bars, you may be UNpleasantly surprised that all three schedulers are statistically equivalent.

I'm repeating now with minimal daemons in run level 3 and will update when I have results.

Last edited by graysky (2011-08-01 19:03:05)


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#27 2011-08-01 20:29:32

Fackamato
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Registered: 2006-03-31
Posts: 575

Re: iozone to evaluate I/O schedulers... results NOT what you'd expect!

graysky wrote:

@all - running this test just once does not give an accurate picture... I will post some data when I have time.  Reproducibility is a key factor.  In other words, when you run each test 3 times (that's 36 times for each scheduler if using 1-3 threads), and you average the result and plot the error bars, you may be UNpleasantly surprised that all three schedulers are statistically equivalent.

I'm repeating now with minimal daemons in run level 3 and will update when I have results.

True. I want to polish the script so it will run 3 times, output into different dirs etc. Meanwhile, here's a test I just did, took 2 hours:

1 thread
iozone_fackamato_fat_3_TB_hitachi_ntfs_3g_html_4b.jpg

2 threads
iozone_fackamato_fat_3_TB_hitachi_ntfs_3g_html_c6.jpg

3 threads
iozone_fackamato_fat_3_TB_hitachi_ntfs_3g_html_7c.jpg

cfq seems to be fast here.

/dev/sda1 /media/3TB ntfs-3g rw,nosuid,nodev,relatime,user_id=0,group_id=0,allow_other,blksize=4096 0 0

Intel 2600K @ 4.4GHz, 8GB RAM, spreadsheet here.

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#28 2011-08-01 20:52:27

karabaja4
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From: Croatia
Registered: 2008-09-14
Posts: 840

Re: iozone to evaluate I/O schedulers... results NOT what you'd expect!

@Fackamato,

why do you test with ntfs-3g? That isn't exactly native filesystem and may produce weird results... I think results on drives running ext4 would be more significant.


pie!

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#29 2011-08-01 20:57:09

Fackamato
Member
Registered: 2006-03-31
Posts: 575

Re: iozone to evaluate I/O schedulers... results NOT what you'd expect!

karabaja4 wrote:

@Fackamato,

why do you test with ntfs-3g? That isn't exactly native filesystem and may produce weird results... I think results on drives running ext4 would be more significant.

I'm just testing what I have avaialble at the moment!

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#30 2011-08-01 21:49:16

Fackamato
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Registered: 2006-03-31
Posts: 575

Re: iozone to evaluate I/O schedulers... results NOT what you'd expect!

So, little "refined" script.

time sudo ./iozone-scheduler.sh sdb /media/linuxmint/ 102400 /dev/shm/ 3

The above will test all available schedulers on sdb, with /media/linuxmint/ as test path, total combined file size is 100MiB, logs are stored in /dev/shm/ with /dev/shm/iozone-summary-sdb.log holding all the output from stdout.
There be bugs. Todo: Check that test path is actually on the device.

#!/bin/bash
# Test schedulers with iozone
# by fackamato, Aug 1, 2011
if [ "$EUID" -ne "0" ]; then echo "Needs su, exiting"; exit 1; fi

unset ARGS;ARGS=$#
if [ ! $ARGS -lt "5" ]; then
    DEV=$1
    DIR=`echo $2 | sed 's/\/$//g'`
    OUTPUTDIR=`echo $4 | sed 's/\/$//g'`
    if [ ! -d "$DIR" -o ! -d "$OUTPUTDIR" ]; then
        echo "Error: Are "$DIR" and/or "$OUTPUTDIR" directories?"
        exit 1
    fi
    # Find available schedulers
    declare -a SCHEDULERS
    SCHEDULERS=`cat /sys/block/$DEV/queue/scheduler | sed 's/\[//g' | sed 's/\]//g'`
    if [ -z "$SCHEDULERS" ]; then
        echo "No schedulers found! Wrong device specified?"
        exit 1
    else
        echo "Schedulers found: "$SCHEDULERS | tee -a $SUMMARY
        SIZE=$(($3/3*1024)) # Size in KB per worker
        unset RUNS; declare -i RUNS;RUNS=$5
    fi
    SUMMARY="$OUTPUTDIR/iozone-summary-$DEV.log"
    RECORDSIZE=$6
    [ -z "$RECORDSIZE" ] && RECORDSIZE="16384" # Set default to 16MB
else
    echo "Usage:"
    echo "`basename $0` <short device name> <test directory> <total test size in MiB> <output root directory> <#runs> <record size>"
    echo "time ./iozone-scheduler.sh sda /mnt 18 /dev/shm/server1 3 16384"
    echo "The above command will test sda 3 times per scheduler with 18GiB of data (16MiB record size) and save logs in /dev/shm/server1/"
    exit 1
fi

cd "$DIR"

unset ITERATIONS; declare -i ITERATIONS; ITERATIONS=0
until [ "$ITERATIONS" -ge "$RUNS" ]; do
    for SCHEDULER in $SCHEDULERS; do
        echo $SCHEDULER > /sys/block/$DEV/queue/scheduler
        echo | tee -a $SUMMARY
        echo "Testing $SCHEDULER with 1 thread:" | tee -a $SUMMARY
        echo 3 > /proc/sys/vm/drop_caches
        time iozone -R -i 0 -i 2 -i 8 -s $SIZE -r $RECORDSIZE -b $OUTPUTDIR/$SCHEDULER-t1.xls -l 1 -u 1 -F "$DIR"/iozone-temp-1 | tee -a $SUMMARY
        echo | tee -a $SUMMARY
        echo "Testing $SCHEDULER with 2 threads:" | tee -a $SUMMARY
        echo 3 > /proc/sys/vm/drop_caches
        time iozone -R -i 0 -i 2 -i 8 -s $SIZE -r $RECORDSIZE -b $OUTPUTDIR/$SCHEDULER-t2.xls -l 2 -u 2 -F "$DIR"/iozone-temp-1 "$DIR"/iozone-temp-2 | tee -a $SUMMARY
        echo | tee -a $SUMMARY
        echo "Testing $SCHEDULER with 3 threads:" | tee -a $SUMMARY
        echo 3 > /proc/sys/vm/drop_caches
        time iozone -R -i 0 -i 2 -i 8 -s $SIZE -r $RECORDSIZE -b $OUTPUTDIR/$SCHEDULER-t3.xls -l 3 -u 3 -F "$DIR"/iozone-temp-1 "$DIR"/iozone-temp-2 "$DIR"/iozone-temp-3 | tee -a $SUMMARY
    done
    let ITERATIONS=$ITERATIONS+1
done
echo
echo "Done! Files saved in $OUTPUTDIR, summary at $SUMMARY" | tee -a $SUMMARY

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#31 2011-08-02 00:20:06

graysky
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From: /run/user/1000
Registered: 2008-12-01
Posts: 8,440
Website

Re: iozone to evaluate I/O schedulers... results NOT what you'd expect!

Nice script... add a -i 1 to the list of tests though....  also, if you can process all of the xls files into a single sheet, I will generate some nice plots of your data.  Here is the format I need:

Test    Throughput (KB/s)    I/O Scheduler    Threads    n

Where:
Test = test name (read, workload, etc.)
Throughput = values from iozone
I/O Scheduler = name of scheduler (noop, etc.)
Threads = threads from iozone
n = the number of the itteration (i.e. if you ran it through a loop 5 times, 1, 2, 3, etc.)

Example:
http://pastebin.com/u50ntfcN

Last edited by graysky (2011-08-02 00:30:53)


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#32 2011-08-02 07:10:15

Fackamato
Member
Registered: 2006-03-31
Posts: 575

Re: iozone to evaluate I/O schedulers... results NOT what you'd expect!

graysky wrote:

Nice script... add a -i 1 to the list of tests though....  also, if you can process all of the xls files into a single sheet, I will generate some nice plots of your data.  Here is the format I need:

Test    Throughput (KB/s)    I/O Scheduler    Threads    n

Where:
Test = test name (read, workload, etc.)
Throughput = values from iozone
I/O Scheduler = name of scheduler (noop, etc.)
Threads = threads from iozone
n = the number of the itteration (i.e. if you ran it through a loop 5 times, 1, 2, 3, etc.)

Example:
http://pastebin.com/u50ntfcN

Ok, I just noticed the script only saves the last run (overwrites each run), will fix that. Do we want the average number per test, or should all iterations be saved separately?

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#33 2011-08-02 08:19:21

Fackamato
Member
Registered: 2006-03-31
Posts: 575

Re: iozone to evaluate I/O schedulers... results NOT what you'd expect!

Here's a run of 3 iterations per scheduler. The device is a OCZ Agility 3, limited by the SATA bus (SATA2 only). Mount options:

/dev/mapper/xubuntu-home on /home type ext4 (rw,noatime,errors=remount-ro,commit=0)

Note that it's SSD > partition > LUKS container > LVM > filesystem on LV

1 thread
iozone_lenovo_t510_summary_html_30c3e9d2.jpg

2 threads
iozone_lenovo_t510_summary_html_m268066c2.jpg

3 threads
iozone_lenovo_t510_2_summary_html_m2e398b0e.jpg

Still, it appears that CFQ performs nice with this setup.

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#34 2011-08-02 08:24:05

graysky
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From: /run/user/1000
Registered: 2008-12-01
Posts: 8,440
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Re: iozone to evaluate I/O schedulers... results NOT what you'd expect!

@Fack - don't average them and don't save them in different files... you need to calculate some statistics on them and plot them on the graphs.   The standard error is what is key for understanding between run variabilities. Format the output as I suggested (see my post with the pastebin link for an example) and I will generate the stats and graphs for you.

Last edited by graysky (2011-08-02 08:28:39)


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#35 2011-08-02 08:31:43

Fackamato
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Registered: 2006-03-31
Posts: 575

Re: iozone to evaluate I/O schedulers... results NOT what you'd expect!

graysky wrote:

@Fack - don't average them and don't save them in different files... you need to calculate some statistics on them and plot them on the graphs.   The standard error is what is key for understanding between run variabilities. Format the output as I suggested (see my post with the pastebin link for an example) and I will generate the stats and graphs for you.

Yeah just saw that post. How are you outputting all results to a single file? Can iozone append in some way or do I have to grep/awk the thing.

edit: I'll make the script output into that format into a separate file.

Last edited by Fackamato (2011-08-02 09:46:12)

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#36 2011-08-02 09:49:51

Fackamato
Member
Registered: 2006-03-31
Posts: 575

Re: iozone to evaluate I/O schedulers... results NOT what you'd expect!

I'm currently testing on a HP host.

Hardware:    HP: ProLiant DL380 G7
CPU:    2 x Intel Xeon 2933/133 1.4v (1536k L2, 12288k L3)
RAM:    98304MB in 12 DIMMs at 1333 MHz (0.8 ns)
Firmware:    HP P67 [05/14/2010]
Smart Array P812, 146GB SAS HDDs
RAID10 on 24 HDDs (1 might be a spare, not sure)
RHEL 5.3 64-bit

Test size is ~ 114GB (size of partition)

# time /tmp/iozone-scheduler-bench.sh c0d0 /local/temp/ 116736 /dev/shm 3 16384
Schedulers found: noop anticipatory deadline cfq

Edit: No go, host needs to be used for other stuff. Testing on a similar host but 16GB RAM, 32-bit (PAE), ~440GB partition

Last edited by Fackamato (2011-08-04 10:47:02)

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#37 2011-08-02 12:40:38

Fackamato
Member
Registered: 2006-03-31
Posts: 575

Re: iozone to evaluate I/O schedulers... results NOT what you'd expect!

Fixed the script, it now works on HP controllers as well (different device names).

It should output in the format requested by graysky

Last edited by Fackamato (2011-08-04 10:47:25)

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#38 2011-08-02 13:39:47

Fackamato
Member
Registered: 2006-03-31
Posts: 575

Re: iozone to evaluate I/O schedulers... results NOT what you'd expect!

graysky wrote:

@Fack - don't average them and don't save them in different files... you need to calculate some statistics on them and plot them on the graphs.   The standard error is what is key for understanding between run variabilities. Format the output as I suggested (see my post with the pastebin link for an example) and I will generate the stats and graphs for you.

Could you test this? http://pastebin.com/Rdr1qcrW

/dev/cciss/c0d1p1 /mnt ext3 rw,data=ordered 0 0

# tune2fs -l //dev/cciss/c0d1p1
tune2fs 1.39 (29-May-2006)
Filesystem volume name:   /arch-01
Last mounted on:          <not available>
Filesystem UUID:          189c27fc-3a90-4d6e-bd88-90743f90fd0d
Filesystem magic number:  0xEF53
Filesystem revision #:    1 (dynamic)
Filesystem features:      has_journal resize_inode dir_index filetype needs_recovery sparse_super large_file
Default mount options:    (none)
Filesystem state:         clean
Errors behavior:          Continue
Filesystem OS type:       Linux
Inode count:              53755904
Block count:              107504967
Reserved block count:     1075049
Free blocks:              105767275
Free inodes:              53755893
First block:              0
Block size:               4096
Fragment size:            4096
Reserved GDT blocks:      998
Blocks per group:         32768
Fragments per group:      32768
Inodes per group:         16384
Inode blocks per group:   512
Filesystem created:       Sat Jul 23 06:57:57 2011
Last mount time:          Tue Aug  2 10:42:22 2011
Last write time:          Tue Aug  2 10:42:22 2011
Mount count:              2
Maximum mount count:      -1
Last checked:             Sat Jul 23 06:57:57 2011
Check interval:           0 (<none>)
Reserved blocks uid:      0 (user root)
Reserved blocks gid:      0 (group root)
First inode:              11
Inode size:          128
Journal inode:            8
Default directory hash:   tea
Directory Hash Seed:      b76600c7-e4e9-4aab-8666-e7ba0ff3689e
Journal backup:           inode blocks

Last edited by Fackamato (2011-08-02 14:37:25)

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#39 2011-08-02 22:27:52

Fackamato
Member
Registered: 2006-03-31
Posts: 575

Re: iozone to evaluate I/O schedulers... results NOT what you'd expect!

Test results in a Core 2600K @ 4.4GHz, 8GB RAM, ST3750640NS (old 750GB Seagate). File system is btrfs on a 180GB partition.

Mount options:

/dev/sdc7 on /mnt/btrfs_180GB type btrfs (rw,nodatacow,nobarrier,compress=lzo,noacl,space_cache)

1 thread iozone_fackamato_fat_st3750640ns_btrfs_html_69b7.jpg 2 threads iozone_fackamato_fat_st3750640ns_btrfs_html_m123.jpg 3 threads iozone_fackamato_fat_st3750640ns_btrfs_html_66e2.jpg

I think there's a "bug" in the script/way I'm testing. If I'm testing with 1 thread, it should be the full size (for example 20GB). If I'm testing 2 threads, each thread should be 10GB, and so on. I think that's why the results are weird on the 1 thread test above, because I've 8GB of RAM.

Thoughts?

edit:

graysky wrote:

The max size of the buffer on this HDD is 16,384 bytes so that is the value chosen for the transfer size.  Note that I setup this expeirment in consultation with Don Capps one of the iozone devs.

How do you find this buffer size?

Last edited by Fackamato (2011-08-02 22:33:48)

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#40 2011-08-02 22:46:09

graysky
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From: /run/user/1000
Registered: 2008-12-01
Posts: 8,440
Website

Re: iozone to evaluate I/O schedulers... results NOT what you'd expect!

I think the file size is constant.  20x1 for 1 and 20x2 for 2 and so on... the buffer size on my hdd was 16k because it told me when I tried making it more that it would be limited.  I'll work up your data tomorrow... too busy with work right now sad


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#41 2011-08-02 22:58:54

Fackamato
Member
Registered: 2006-03-31
Posts: 575

Re: iozone to evaluate I/O schedulers... results NOT what you'd expect!

graysky wrote:

I think the file size is constant.  20x1 for 1 and 20x2 for 2 and so on... the buffer size on my hdd was 16k because it told me when I tried making it more that it would be limited.  I'll work up your data tomorrow... too busy with work right now sad

I'll change my script, currently it divides file size by 3 (3 threads), fixing that...

You can find the buffer size in an ugly way like this:

$ hdparm -i /dev/sdc | grep BuffSize | awk '{print $2}' | sed 's/\kB,//g' | awk -F'=' '{print $2}'

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#42 2011-08-02 23:38:37

Fackamato
Member
Registered: 2006-03-31
Posts: 575

Re: iozone to evaluate I/O schedulers... results NOT what you'd expect!

New script here below. Cleaned up, now you can pass everything on the command line (iterations, threads etc) and it will generate log files (and XLS) accordingly, including the sumary file in graysky's format.

edit: use new one below

Last edited by Fackamato (2011-08-04 10:48:11)

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#43 2011-08-03 00:41:47

Viper_Scull
Member
From: London, UK
Registered: 2011-01-15
Posts: 152

Re: iozone to evaluate I/O schedulers... results NOT what you'd expect!

@fackamato. I agree there's gotta be something wrong with the 1 thread test. Just check the speed for random read and mixed workload in the graphic. It's impossible your Seagate could achieve such speed transfers. 400,000 KBps = 390MBps.

2 threads and 3 threads graphics show speed transfers close to what's expected.

Another weird thing in 1 and 2 threads tests. noop beats (not by much) cfq in every (almost) scenario, but when we focus on mixed workload, cfq is by far better than noop.


Athlon II X4 620 + Gigabyte 785GPM-UD2H + 4GB DDR3 + SSD OCZ Vertex2 60GB

Archlinux x86_64 + Openbox

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#44 2011-08-03 01:15:48

karabaja4
Member
From: Croatia
Registered: 2008-09-14
Posts: 840

Re: iozone to evaluate I/O schedulers... results NOT what you'd expect!

I must say I'm much happier with noop than cfq.
I don't have any test data yet, but my initial impression is: overall it may be a little slower, but it doesn't cause my system to start dying on me on heavy i/o like cfq does, in fact it stays very responsive.


pie!

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#45 2011-08-03 10:31:50

Fackamato
Member
Registered: 2006-03-31
Posts: 575

Re: iozone to evaluate I/O schedulers... results NOT what you'd expect!

karabaja4 wrote:

I must say I'm much happier with noop than cfq.
I don't have any test data yet, but my initial impression is: overall it may be a little slower, but it doesn't cause my system to start dying on me on heavy i/o like cfq does, in fact it stays very responsive.

Agreed!

Last edited by Fackamato (2011-08-03 22:19:52)

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#46 2011-08-03 22:19:27

Fackamato
Member
Registered: 2006-03-31
Posts: 575

Re: iozone to evaluate I/O schedulers... results NOT what you'd expect!

Now added support for Linux MD devices, use like this:

./iozone-scheduler.sh md0 /raid6volume/temp/ 8192 /root/iozone-degraded-raid6/ 3 16 3
command device test-dir filesize-in-MB log-output-dir iterations record-size threads

(i.e. as for any device)

#!/bin/bash
# Test schedulers with iozone
# See https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?pid=969117
# by fackamato, Aug 1, 2011
# changelog:
# 03082011
# Added: Support for Linux MD devices
# Added/fixed: take no. of threads as argument and test accordingly (big rewrite)
# 02082011
# Added: Should now output to a file with the syntax requested by graysky
# Fixed: Add support for HP RAID devices
# Fixed: Drop caches before each test run

if [ "$EUID" -ne "0" ]; then echo "Needs su, exiting"; exit 1; fi

unset ARGS;ARGS=$#
if [ ! $ARGS -lt "5" ]; then
    DEV=$1
    DIR=`echo $2 | sed 's/\/$//g'` # Remove trailing slashes from path
    OUTPUTDIR=`echo $4 | sed 's/\/$//g'` # Remove trailing slashes from path

    # Create the log file directory if it doesn't exist
    if [ ! -d "$OUTPUTDIR" ]; then mkdir -p $OUTPUTDIR;fi

    # Check the test directory
    if [ ! -d "$DIR" ]; then
        echo "Error: Is $DIR a directory?"
        exit 1
    fi

    # Check the device name
    MDDEV="md*"
    HPDEV="c?d?"
    case "$DEV" in
        $HPDEV ) # HP RAID
            unset SYSDEV;SYSDEV="/sys/block/cciss!$DEV/queue/scheduler"
            unset MD;declare -i MD;MD=0
        ;;
        $MDDEV ) # mdadm RAID
            echo "Found a Linux MD device, checking for schedulers..."
            unset MD;declare -i MD;MD=1
            unset SYSDEV
            SYSDEV=$(mdadm -D /dev/md0 | grep active | awk -F '/' '{print $3}' | sed 's/[0-9]//g')
        ;;
        * )
            unset SYSDEV;SYSDEV="/sys/block/$DEV/queue/scheduler"
            unset MD;declare -i MD;MD=0
        ;;
    esac

    # Check for the output log
    unset OUTPUTLOG;OUTPUTLOG="$OUTPUTDIR/iozone-$DEV-all-results.log"
    if [ -e "$OUTPUTLOG" ]; then echo "$OUTPUTLOG exists, aborting"; exit 1;fi

    # Find available schedulers
    if [ $MD -eq 0 ]; then
        echo "not md device"
        declare -a SCHEDULERS
        SCHEDULERS=`cat $SYSDEV | sed 's/\[//g' | sed 's/\]//g'`
    else
        declare -a SCHEDULERS; unset MDMEMBER
        for MDMEMBER in ${SYSDEV[@]}; do
            unset SYSDEVMD;SYSDEVMD="/sys/block/"$MDMEMBER"/queue/scheduler"
        done
        SCHEDULERS=`cat $SYSDEVMD | sed 's/\[//g' | sed 's/\]//g'`
    fi
    if [ -z "$SCHEDULERS" ]; then
        echo "No schedulers found! Wrong device specified? Tried looking in $SYSDEV"
        exit 1
    else
        echo "Schedulers found under $DEV: "$SCHEDULERS
        SIZE=$(($3*1024)) # Size is now MB per thread
        unset RUNS; declare -i RUNS;RUNS=$5
    fi

    # Set record size
    if [ -z "$6" ]; then
        echo "Using the default record size of 16MiB"
        RECORDSIZE="16384" # Set default to 16MB
    else
        RECORDSIZE=$6"m"
    fi
    
    # Set no. threads
    if [ -z "$7" ]; then
        echo "Testing with 1, 2 & 3 threads (default)"
        THREADS=3
    else
        THREADS=$7
    fi

    SHELL=`which bash`
else
    echo "# Usage:"
    echo "`basename $0` <dev name> <test dir> <test size in MiB> <log dir> <#runs> <record size> <threads>"
    echo "time ./iozone-scheduler.sh sda /mnt 20480 /dev/shm/server1 3 16 3"
    echo "# The above command will test sda with 1, 2 & 3 threads 3 times per scheduler with 20GiB of data using"
    echo "# 16MiB record size and save logs in /dev/shm/server1/ ."
    echo "# If the record size is omitted the default of 16MiB will be used. (should be buffer size of device)"
    echo "# For HP RAID controllers use device name format c0d0 or c1d2 etc."
    exit 1
fi

function createOutputLog () {
    unset FILE
    echo -e "Test\tThroughput (KB/s)\tI/O Scheduler\tThreads\tn" > $OUTPUTLOG
    for FILE in $OUTPUTDIR/$DEV*.txt; do
        # results
        unset WRITE;unset REWRITE; unset RREAD; unset MIXED; unset RWRITE
        # Scheduler, threads, iteration
        unset SCHED;unset T; unset I;unset IT
        SCHED=`echo "$FILE" | awk -F'-' '{print $2}'`
        T=`echo "$FILE" | awk -F'-' '{print $3}' | sed 's/t//g'`
        # FIXME, it's ugly
        IT=`echo "$FILE" | awk -F'-' '{print $4}'`
        I=`expr ${IT:1:1}`

        # Get values
        WRITE=`grep "  Initial write " $FILE | awk '{print $5}'`
        REWRITE=`grep "        Rewrite " $FILE | awk '{print $4}'`
        RREAD=`grep "    Random read " $FILE | awk '{print $5}'`
        MIXED=`grep " Mixed workload " $FILE | awk '{print $5}'`
        RWRITE=`grep "   Random write " $FILE | awk '{print $5}'`
        # echo "iwrite $WRITE rwrite $REWRITE rread $RREAD mixed $MIXED random $RWRITE"

        # Print to the file
        if [ -z "$WRITE" -o -z "$REWRITE" -o -z "$RREAD" -o -z "$MIXED" -o -z "$RWRITE" ]; then
            # Something's wrong with our input file, or bug in script
            echo "BUG, unable to parse result:"
            echo "write $WRITE rewrite $REWRITE random read $RREAD mixed $MIXED random write $RWRITE"
            exit 1
        else
            echo -e "Initial write\t$WRITE\t$SCHED\t$T\t$I" >> $OUTPUTLOG
            echo -e "Rewrite\t$RWRITE\t$SCHED\t$T\t$I" >> $OUTPUTLOG
            echo -e "Random read\t$RREAD\t$SCHED\t$T\t$I" >> $OUTPUTLOG
            echo -e "Mixed workload\t$MIXED\t$SCHED\t$T\t$I" >> $OUTPUTLOG
            echo -e "Random write\t$RWRITE\t$SCHED\t$T\t$I" >> $OUTPUTLOG
        fi
    done
}

unset ITERATIONS; declare -i ITERATIONS; ITERATIONS=0
unset CURRENTTHREADS; declare -i CURRENTTHREADS
unset IOZONECMD

cd "$DIR"
echo "Using iozone at `which iozone`"

until [ "$ITERATIONS" -ge "$RUNS" ]; do
    let ITERATIONS=$ITERATIONS+1
    for SCHEDULER in $SCHEDULERS; do
        # Change the scheduler
        if [ $MD -eq 1 ]; then
            unset MEMBER
            for MEMBER in $SYSDEV; do
                echo $SCHEDULER > /sys/block/$MEMBER/queue/scheduler
            done
        else
            echo $SCHEDULER > $SYSDEV
        fi
        CURRENTTHREADS=1
        # Repeat until we've tested with all requested threads
        until [ $CURRENTTHREADS -gt $THREADS ]; do
            unset IOZONECMDAPPEND
            IOZONECMDAPPEND="$OUTPUTDIR/$DEV-$SCHEDULER-t$CURRENTTHREADS-i$ITERATIONS.txt"
            #echo "iozonecmdappend is $IOZONECMDAPPEND"
            # Append all test files to the command line (threads/processes)
            unset I; unset IOZONECMD_FILES
            for I in `seq 1 $CURRENTTHREADS`; do
                IOZONECMD_FILES="$IOZONECMD_FILES$DIR/iozone-temp-$I "
            done
            # Drop caches
            echo 3 > /proc/sys/vm/drop_caches
            echo "Testing $SCHEDULER with $CURRENTTHREADS thread(s), run #$ITERATIONS"
            IOZONECMD="iozone -R -i 0 -i 2 -i 8 -s $SIZE -r $RECORDSIZE -b $OUTPUTDIR/$DEV-$SCHEDULER-t$CURRENTTHREADS-i$ITERATIONS.xls -l 1 -u $CURRENTTHREADS -F $IOZONECMD_FILES"
            # Run the command
            echo time $IOZONECMD
            time $IOZONECMD | tee -a $IOZONECMDAPPEND
            # Done testing $CURRENTTHREADS threads/processes, increase to test one more in the loop (if applicable)
            let CURRENTTHREADS=$CURRENTTHREADS+1
        done
    done
    echo "Run #$ITERATIONS done" | tee -a $IOZONECMDAPPEND
done

echo
createOutputLog
echo "Done, logs saved in $OUTPUTDIR"
exit 0

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#47 2011-08-04 10:54:35

Fackamato
Member
Registered: 2006-03-31
Posts: 575

Re: iozone to evaluate I/O schedulers... results NOT what you'd expect!

Hm, why is no one else benchmarking? smile

I added iozone to https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/Benchmarking . It takes a looooong time to benchmark with 3 iterations (been going at it for >14 hours now) if you have lots of RAM.

I suppose you could boot with memsize=1GB or similar.

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#48 2011-08-04 15:53:44

Evilandi666
Member
Registered: 2010-10-28
Posts: 105

Re: iozone to evaluate I/O schedulers... results NOT what you'd expect!

why should this be unexpected? On hdd cfq is better if 3 or more threads write/read to/from hdd, that is not unexpected for me. In daily use, the situation that 2 or less threads write/read at the same time is not so common, so it does not help to switch to noop/deadline on hdds.

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#49 2011-08-04 15:56:17

Fackamato
Member
Registered: 2006-03-31
Posts: 575

Re: iozone to evaluate I/O schedulers... results NOT what you'd expect!

Evilandi666 wrote:

why should this be unexpected? On hdd cfq is better if 3 or more threads write/read to/from hdd, that is not unexpected for me. In daily use, the situation that 2 or less threads write/read at the same time is not so common, so it does not help to switch to noop/deadline on hdds.

A thing to rememeber is that when your disk is extremely busy, and you're using CFQ, your desktop will become unresponsive. This doesn't happen with any other IO scheduler.

Of course, there's ionice, but AFAIK no way to automate it in a nice way.

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#50 2011-08-05 15:57:51

triplesquarednine
Member
Registered: 2011-04-12
Posts: 630

Re: iozone to evaluate I/O schedulers... results NOT what you'd expect!

Fackamato wrote:

Hm, why is no one else benchmarking? smile

I added iozone to https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/Benchmarking . It takes a looooong time to benchmark with 3 iterations (been going at it for >14 hours now) if you have lots of RAM.

I suppose you could boot with memsize=1GB or similar.

yes, i am guilty of this...lol... it's hard for me to find time to have my main machine down, essentially. i'm gonna have a stab at this some time, i just don't know when...maybe i can setup another machine for this or something, the only limitation would be, it's not the hardware i use day to day...

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