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#1 2018-11-03 02:48:39

ChrispyChris3
Member
Registered: 2018-10-08
Posts: 9

NFTables Not Starting

I'm trying to set up NFT and installed the package through pacman. I have enabled the service but am unable to start it. Here is a little output to give some context.

[chris@arch ~]$ systemctl status nftables
● nftables.service - Netfilter Tables
   Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/nftables.service; enabled; vendor preset: disabled)
   Active: failed (Result: exit-code) since Fri 2018-11-02 19:41:07 PDT; 3min 21s ago
     Docs: man:nft(8)
  Process: 26652 ExecStart=/usr/bin/nft -f /etc/nftables.conf (code=exited, status=3)
 Main PID: 26652 (code=exited, status=3)
[chris@arch ~]$ nft help
netlink.c:62: Unable to initialize Netlink socket: Protocol not supported
[chris@arch ~]$ nft list ruleset
netlink.c:62: Unable to initialize Netlink socket: Protocol not supported

I seem to get the error no matter what I try. I cannot seem to find stuff online about it, so I have no idea what I'm doing wrong here. Running lsmod | grep '^nf' like the wiki says returns absolutely nothing at all. How can I go about fixing this problem? Am I better off just using and learning iptables? I wanted to go with nftables because I was reading that it is the new and better way to go, but I'm struggling to even get started.

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#2 2018-11-03 10:21:28

equalizer876
Member
Registered: 2018-09-11
Posts: 78

Re: NFTables Not Starting

Is there some other form of firewall installed/enabled like iptables or ufw? Which DE do you use? Which network manager? Root account or sudo user? Whole system updated (pacman -Syu)? What's in the /etc/nftables.conf ?

And post journalctl -xe (e. g.)

Last edited by equalizer876 (2018-11-03 10:23:59)

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#3 2018-11-06 23:33:16

chr0mag
Member
From: Vancouver, Canada
Registered: 2017-02-02
Posts: 93

Re: NFTables Not Starting

ChrispyChris3 wrote:

Running lsmod | grep '^nf' like the wiki says returns absolutely nothing at all.

It seems the required kernel modules weren't loaded so you need to find out why. I'm running nftables on a number of machines and when I run this command the output is similar to the following:

nft_masq_ipv4          16384  1
nf_nat_masquerade_ipv4    16384  1 nft_masq_ipv4
nft_masq               16384  1 nft_masq_ipv4
nft_reject_ipv4        16384  3
nf_reject_ipv4         16384  1 nft_reject_ipv4
nft_reject             16384  1 nft_reject_ipv4
nft_counter            16384  11
nft_ct                 20480  6
nft_set_bitmap         16384  0
nft_set_hash           20480  2
nft_set_rbtree         16384  2
nft_meta               16384  7
nft_chain_nat_ipv4     16384  2
nf_conntrack_ipv4      16384  8
nf_defrag_ipv4         16384  1 nf_conntrack_ipv4
nf_nat_ipv4            16384  1 nft_chain_nat_ipv4
nf_nat                 36864  2 nf_nat_masquerade_ipv4,nf_nat_ipv4
nf_conntrack          155648  7 nf_nat_masquerade_ipv4,nf_conntrack_ipv4,nf_nat,nft_ct,nf_nat_ipv4,nft_masq,nft_masq_ipv4
nf_tables_ipv4         16384  5
nf_tables             106496  66 nf_tables_ipv4,nft_reject_ipv4,nft_ct,nft_set_rbtree,nft_chain_nat_ipv4,nft_set_bitmap,nft_counter,nft_masq,nft_meta,nft_masq_ipv4,nft_set_hash,nft_reject
nfnetlink              16384  1 nf_tables

What is the output of:

ls -l /usr/lib/modules/$(uname -r)/kernel/net/netfilter | grep nft

If this is empty, then perhaps you haven't rebooted since a kernel upgrade.

Failing that, please post complete journal output as equalizer mentioned as well as the the output from dmesg.

ChrispyChris3 wrote:

Am I better off just using and learning iptables? I wanted to go with nftables because I was reading that it is the new and better way to go, but I'm struggling to even get started.

I definitely appreciate the more concise configuration of nftables. I wasn't familiar with any particular firewall when I set out to implement one so learning the newer nftables made sense as I was starting from the beginning either way. I find I end up learning a bit about iptables as a by product anyway since the majority of online firewall related resources are based on it. I don't necessarily think this is a bad thing.

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